The last 10 years have seen some excellent health and wellness breakthroughs, so I did some research on what the best of the best are. In this episode see what I consider the top 5 breakthroughs of the last 5 years, the research behind it, and some actionable tips on how you can take advantage of this cutting edge science.
Dirobi Transformation Packs (shortcut to becoming superhuman)
Waking Up app by Sam Harris. 50 daily meditations followed by daily meditation, and lots of great resources.
Calm. Excellent meditation app with a variety of topics and lengths.
Plum Village Sangha’s. If you are interested in taking your meditation and mindfulness to a whole new level, check out Plum Village. I attend an event weekly whenever I can, and it’s been transformational for me. If you don’t find a Plum Village Sangha, just look up something like “Sangha near me” and see what’s available!
Mindfulness and meditation research:
On the Default Mode Network
Mindfulness Trait Predicts Neurophysiological Reactivity Associated with Negativity Bias: An ERP Study
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy
Evening use of light-emitting eReaders negatively
affects sleep, circadian timing, and
A tool to adjust the blue light out of computers at night
Low-carb isn’t magic for fat loss
What’s the best diet? (debunking “named” diets)
1. Mindfulness and Meditation
Meditation is the Fastest Growing Health Trend in America
Meditation is a superpower. What’s the difference between being angry for 10 days, 10 hours, 10 minutes, or 10 seconds? Meditation can make the difference between those. If that’s all it did it would be amazing for almost everybody.
Meditation’s popularity increased “more than threefold” in the US over the past five years, according to a new report from the CDC.
A team of researchers from the National Center for Health Statistics, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health examined the rise of the most popular complementary practices (yoga, meditation, and chiropractic care) in the US over a five-year period.
Mindfulness is no longer considered a “soft skill,” but an essential part of overall health care.In the past year alone, we’ve seen a shift from doctors prescribing pills to treat ailments, to physicians prescribing outdoor play, trips to the museum, and mindfulness to treat everything from pain, loneliness, anxiety, and burnout. Researchers are looking into mindfulness-based therapies for PTSD, depression, and even as a therapy for chronic pain to undercut the opioid epidemic.
Why is Meditation So Popular?
- Stress management. Mindful breathing can interrupt our stress and fight-or-flight reactions—preliminary research has found that meditation may “quiet” the amygdala, the area of the brain that responds to stress.
- Concentration. We live in a highly distracted society, with constant notifications, buzzes, beeps, visual and mental distractions. , Mindfulness helps build up our concentration and focus. One study found that just 10 minutes per day of meditation creates better attention capabilities.
- Meditation boosts compassion—toward yourself and toward others. Studies suggest loving-kindness practices can change our response to suffering, increasing altruistic behavior. Additionally, research on meditators with a long-term practice suggests that the “default mode network” of the brain—where we ruminate and let our thoughts wander when we’re not focused on a particular activity—quiets down, which might indicate Olympic-level meditators do not ruminate as much over their identity.
- Mindfulness reduces bias—toward the negative, and toward others. It’s not a surprise—we tend to focus on the negative. Preliminary research suggests mindfulness might help us shift gears out of our knee-jerk reactivity toward “bad” things.
- Mindfulness may improve mental health. When combined with traditional approaches, Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy may help individuals with anxiety and depression work with rumination and troubling thoughts. (Psychologists stress it is not for everybody—Editor-in-Chief Barry Boyce goes deeper in a recent podcast.)
The delightful and oh-so-Deutsche word for a circadian rhythm factor is zeitgeber. If you spend your workday indoors but watch TV and browse the web at night, work mostly alone during the day but socialize at night, and sit virtually motionless during the day but exercise at night, you’re effectively flipping three of the most important zeitgebers on their heads. So rather than investigating sleep supplements, let’s look into zeitgebers first.
The king of all zeitgebers is blue light. This light wavelength suppresses your body’s melatonin production. During the day, if you look up at the sky, you’ll see a free and powerful source of blue light: the sun. If you see the sun’s glorious light during the day and shut off lights at night, hormones that vary throughout the day (such as cortisol and melatonin) are more likely to vary in the way you’d want them to.
A randomized trial from January of 2015 found that people using iPads at night had a harder time falling asleep, experienced less REM sleep, and felt less refreshed the next morning. Shortly afterward, iPhones and Amazon tablets started being built with blue-light reduction capability. Now, the Examine.com research staff had long used freely available computer programs (such as f.lux) to reduce blue light, in addition to testing blue-light-blocking light bulbs and glasses, but the fact that these mammoth companies are taking notice bodes well.
The gut microbiome. So hot right now. But tell that to Hippocrates, who said 2,500 years ago that “all disease begins in the gut”. The gut’s always been hot, ever since our pre-human ancestors developed these long and winding tunnels that allowed greater nutrient extraction.
In the past couple of decades, we’ve come to realize that the gut’s role isn’t limited to nutrient extraction. Research in both healthy and sick people is just beginning to explore the effects of the gut microbiome on exercise and of exercise on the gut microbiome. Gut bacteria have been shown to communicate with the brain through the nervous, immune, and endocrine systems, and there is growing evidence that healthy microbiomes and possibly some probiotics can improve the mood of both depressed and nondepressed people, as well as support weight management, chronic disease prevention, and so on and on and on.
Maintaining a healthy gut is more complicated than popping a few probiotics, however. Probiotics rarely if ever permanently colonize the intestine, and while prebiotic fiber is important for feeding permanent inhabitants, some prebiotics can cause digestive upset, especially if taken in high doses without scaling up over time. Moreover, the gut doesn’t like only plants: Butyric acid (mostly from butter, or butyrate made from gut bacteria) helps maintain a healthy gut lining, and other meat components (such as the amino acid glutamine) can also help keep your gut healthy.
Exotic fruits like acai get all the hype, but cheaper and still tasty berries can actually boast a legitimate research backing for their health benefits.
Before getting into the berry story, there is something you should know about antioxidants in general: The “higher = better” logic hasn’t really panned out. To assess berries and other plants, the federal government used to rely on an antioxidant scale called “oxygen radical absorbance capacity” (ORAC), but it stopped a few years ago based on the failure of ORAC to correlate with actual health benefits. So when you see “Goji Berry Superstar Smoothie” being marketed for its maximally powerful antioxidant profile, please don’t spend the extra money hoping for extra benefits.
Now on to berries. Not only can they help in case of disease (like cherries for Alzheimer’s), they can also support healthy blood sugar and blood pressure. They can even benefit healthy people who exercise! Some of their effects may be due to reduced oxidation, but most of the impact is likely due to the properties of specific compounds in different berries, such as anthocyanins (the dark pigment in, for instance, blueberries). Whatever the specific mechanisms turn out to be (when it comes to cognitive benefits, berries might protect neurons against injury from toxins, improve cerebral blood flow, or activate synaptic signaling), eating more berries has a very little downside and much potential upside.
Berries, especially the anthocyanin-rich darker berries, have shown great promise with regard to disease prevention as well as cognitive protection and other benefits. This isn’t to say they are definitely “healthier” than other fruits, but they do have more known benefits than most other foods.
5. The Low Carb Craze Gets Busted
Trying a low-carb diet can be a good idea — to help control blood sugar, notably, or simply as a step towards eating less junk food. But something makes low-carb diets controversial: the claim that, for an identical number of calories, they allow you to lose more weight than other diets.https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/104/2/324/4564649
How? By putting the kibosh on excess insulin.
Until the fall of 2015, however, this “carbohydrate-insulin hypothesis” hadn’t actually been tested in a highly controlled randomized trial. But then an NIH researcher by the name of Kevin Hall released the results of a metabolic ward study comparing a higher-carb diet (about 350 grams) to a lower-carb diet (about 140 grams — note the deliberate use of “lower-carb” rather than “low-carb”) of equal caloric content.
Each study participant was tested for two weeks under each of the two diets. This method, combined with the highly controlled environment, meant that the results were pretty reliable.
Those results showed very little difference between groups with regard to both weight loss and fat loss. Low-carb advocates argued that the study was too short, or had too few participants, or not enough carb reduction. While these arguments are somewhat legitimate (despite the fact that conducting a months-long metabolic ward study would be freakishly expensive), it cannot be denied that this study showed a lack of weight-loss advantage for either group under highly controlled conditions.
Could a longer study have noted some sudden, beneficial metabolic shift in the lower-carb group? Well, anything is possible, but then the low-carb advantage wouldn’t be predominantly due to insulin. Insulin was quickly reduced in the lower-carb group, but that didn’t lead to any additional weight loss.
This highly controlled metabolic ward study did not put the final nail in the coffin of low-carb diets. It was simply meant to test whether there is an extra “oomph” to lower-carb intakes that provides extra weight loss. No oomph was found. But benefits to lower-carb diets remain.
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02:46 So now let’s jump in to this information that I’ve prepared for you today. It’s something I’m pretty excited about. I got an email from the guys at examine.com if you’ve listened to the show very much, you know, I’m a huge fan. I’m a paid subscriber to their content because they are an evidence-based research firm that does not take money from anyone in the supplement industry. And they researched supplements, they studied the Meta Studies. These guys are researchers and scientists and I just love their stuff and they send out an email that was similar to this topic about some top things they had discovered. And it sparked this idea in me. I thought, what are the top health discoveries of the last 10 years? And so I got googling it and doing some research and looking at everything from themes in ted talks to what magazines like Time magazine were saying.
03:42 And I just noodled on it. I found other people’s lists and then I went ahead and put together my own list, which you know, is a highly debatable subject. I’m sure other people might think that something ought to be on the list that I didn’t think should be here. But regardless of whether you want to debate me on whether you know something isn’t on that should be or not, these five things I think you’ll agree are pretty incredible and big time in terms of the effect they’re having on society. And so I hope you enjoy it. So let’s jump right in with number one. Number One, health discovery of the last 10 years is really not a discovery at all and it is mindfulness and meditation. But what is new is in the United States, mindfulness and meditation have gone mainstream. It’s gone from something that very, very few people did, and maybe we even thought they were Weirdos to becoming something so commonplace that it’s estimated that 14% of Americans now meditate every single day and a much larger number, impossible to identify for sure of people are using mindfulness and meditation at some level in their lives.
04:53 Time magazine has called it the, I think it was at 2017 was the year of mindfulness. And so it has really gone mainstream and Western thinkers are now finally realizing what easterners have known for about 2,600 years. And that is that mindfulness and meditation are legit.
05:15 Just how legit is mindfulness and meditation? Well, even in the medical community, it is no longer considered a soft skill, but as becoming an essential part of overall health care, it’s been being used to treat PTSD. It’s being used to help people quit smoking. It’s being used to help people overcome binge eating and cravings. It is a type of superpower. I really believe this, Sam Harris and his course waking up, which I highly recommend, says that meditation is a superpower and he puts it this way. He says, what’s the difference between being angry for 10 days or 10 hours or 10 minutes or 10 seconds? Meditation can make the difference between those. If that’s all it did, it would be amazing for almost everybody. And that is absolutely true. Through Meditation, you can actually learn how to reduce your negative emotions from 10 days to 10 seconds.
06:15 And that may seem like a hyped up promise, but I assure you it is true. It’s done that type of thing for me. And so, , and many, many other people. Um, let me go through some of the stats here. Meditations, popularity increased more than three-fold in the last, , five years. According to the CDC, the Center for Disease Control and the United States, a team of researchers from the National Center for health statistics, the National Institutes of Health and the National Center for complementary and integrative health examined the rise of the most popular complimentary practices, which are yoga, meditation and Chiropractic care over five year period and found that yoga is the most popular, but meditation is the fastest growing. And so, um, it is growing faster than any other type of natural care. Yoga rose nine and a half percent in 2012 to 14% in 2017 the use of chiropractors increased only slightly, but a meditation of mindfulness rose from about 5% to over 14% of people who have a daily practice.
07:29 In the last year alone, we’ve seen a shift from doctors prescribing pills to treat ailments to physicians prescribing things like outdoor play trips to the museum and mindfulness and meditation to treat everything from pain, loneliness, anxiety, and burnout. Researchers are also looking into mindfulness-based therapies for PTSD, depression, and even as therapy for chronic pain. I’ve referenced before on the Podcast, the talk by Judson Brewer, the Ted talk. It’s a great resource. You can check out as well as there are multiple apps. Um, the ones I’ve used are waking up by Sam Harris. That’s the one I’m currently using right now. I started with headspace, which is probably a great place to start. Then there’s also oak and there is 10% happier and there are probably several others. These are just the ones that I know of and have experimented with. Now, why is it so popular? Well, first of all, for stress management, mindful breathing can interrupt stress, fight or flight reactions.
08:33 It can help you at the moment. Right now if you learn this skill, it can help you have better concentration. It boosts compassion. There are studies showing that people who meditate daily have more compassion towards other people. It helps you overcome that default mode network of the brain. Almost everyone’s brain is just going all day long. You might have heard the saying that thoughts think themselves. We don’t think thoughts, thoughts, think themselves. If you don’t believe that, try to not think for one minute. Just stop this recording right now and sit for one minute and do not have any thoughts and you will quickly discover that those thoughts do indeed think themselves. Now, of course, we can put our mind to something and control our thoughts in that sense, but there’s a whole lot we cannot control. Try to just stop understanding English for a second. Try to not understand what I’m saying.
09:29 Try to not hear what I’m saying without pressing stop on the device that you’re using. There is data and information coming into our field of consciousness all the time, most of which we cannot even control. And through mindfulness and meditation, we learn how to deal with all of those inputs on a much higher level. , mindfulness also reduces bias toward the negative and toward others and it may improve mental health. And, , there is currently something called mindfulness-based cognitive therapy that is a working wonders for a lot of people. And so one thing I would advise based on my history with this, and I’m just a novice, I’m not here, Stan, I’m not representing myself as a guru in this. I’m just a practitioner of it who is very excited about it. But when the, I do know, and this may seem really odd, is that meditating with a group is really valuable.
10:33 First of all, those who have meditated for a long time have lots of good practical, useful tips. And so it’s great to be around people who are very experienced. There have also been studies that meditation is better when done with other people. It may sound really odd that if you sit around with other people doing meditation that it would make any difference at all. Some research, believe it might be from ancient hunter-gatherer days when we were in small groups of 20 to 150 people s depending on the size of the tribe and that there was safety in a tribe, right? Imagined back when there were, you know, pre, pre cities, and a pre-agriculture, , for approximately 200,000 years. If I understand my history correctly, people were hunter-gatherers and at the mercy of other tribes and wild animals and nature in all of its beauty, but brutality as well.
11:33 Right? So when you were with the group you were safer. And so they think that might be a simple part of it is that when you’re sitting with a group that in your subconscious you’re feeling more at ease, you can relax better with other people, whatever the case might be. I go to a weekly meditation center and I try to take as of my family members as will come with me and if not, I go by myself and it’s been phenomenal and it does make a difference to me to get into a meditation group. You can probably easily find one by googling, you know, Meditation Group, um, or try a Tsonga, s a n, g, h a. That’s actually what I do. That’s a Buddhist based practice. And then just go check it out, you know, maybe find a list of three or four and drop in on them and, and see if that floats your boat and if it something that you want to make a weekly practice.
12:28 I have like said for me, I found that to be really valuable. It’s something I really look forward to. , if I miss it in a week, , I, I regret it. You know, so it’s, it’s, it’s come to be an important activity for me and help me to make the practice deeper and better. And so that’s all I have to say about mindfulness and meditation, but it really is an up and coming thing and helping so many people on so many levels in so many ways. So again, it is not a discovery in the last 10 years, but it has come of age in the United States in the last 10 years. So that’s number one. Number two, blue light bad night. The discovery that blue light was ruining the, our, our circadian rhythms. Rhythms are one of the top discoveries. The last 10 years.
13:19 This has been so influential in the world that almost all manufacturers have lighted devices are having to take it into account. They’re having to produce less blue light through their devices. And the research on this is, is solid. The fact is the blue light after, you know, Sun sun down basically is making it so you don’t sleep as well. There are some people that don’t even notice this, but they’re not sleeping as deeply. Cause sometimes it’s not that you suddenly become an insomniac if you looked at blue light, that’s really not what’s going on. But what’s happening is we live in a sleep deprived society anyway and a lot of people are sleeping worse because they’re still looking at their device. , for hours after the sun has gone down, sending a trigger to their subconscious brain that it’s still time to be up and going.
14:14 It messes up their hormones. Melatonin levels are out of whack. And so what he does, well, one of the things you can do is check to see how current your devices and you could actually Google how much blue light comes from your mobile device, whether that’s a handheld computer, , your phone, whatever. Another thing you can do is get blue blocking glasses. I have a pair of blue-blocking glasses at my office and at home. And I literally, if I sit and watch TV at night cause our TV is a little older and I sit there and I’ve got these yellow lenses on and, and, it doesn’t impair the, the vision, you know, it doesn’t make the screen look yellow. Um, but I just sit there with my yellow glasses on watching TV because I just don’t want to mess up my circadian rhythms.
15:03 And sleep is super important to me is I’m sure it is to use. So there’s plenty of research on this one randomized trial from January, 2015 found that people who used iPads at night had a harder time falling asleep, experienced less rem sleep and felt less refreshed the next morning. So again, I phone Amazon tablets. , they’ve started adjusting and admitting less blue light. , but generally speaking, , it’s something you should be aware of and try to either avoid screens after d after sundown or make sure that they’re not emitting blue light or that you are blocking the blue light using glasses. Number three, discover the last 10 years is tons of great research on the Gut biome. Now, interestingly, this is another one that’s not so new. Hippocrates 2,500 years ago said that all disease begins in the gut and we’re finding out that guy was pretty smart for an old dead dude.
16:11 It’s always been hot. The problem is we haven’t understood it like we do now. So in the couple last couple of decades we’ve come to realize that the gets role is not limited to just extracting nutrients and getting rid of the stuff we ate. Research in both healthy and sick people is just beginning to explore the effects of the gut biome on exercise. Um, and generally how the Gut biome works. We’re learning more about bacteria. Look at the, the craze in prebiotics, probiotics and enzymes. People are starting to realize that our modern diet is messing up their gut biome and they’re, they’re starting to become aware of it and to eat more carefully and to take prebiotics, probiotics and enzymes, all of which is contained in our product. Eat anything rx. By the way, this is especially a good product if you struggle to digest certain things.
17:04 So if you have fructose malabsorption or you have trouble digesting protein or legumes or whatever it is, lacked, , lactose, , you could give that a shot. Um, it’s a type of product that either works all the way and you’re going to give us one of those magic reviews like we get on Amazon all the time. People saying these are magic pills cause now I can eat what I want. And, and they’re not an excuse for eating junk. That’s not the idea. There’s plenty of people that can’t eat healthy food because their stomach just doesn’t have the right either. Prebiotics, probiotics or enzymes. So taking a product like eat anything gives you those elements so that your stomach is prepared to digest the food. So, um, back to the gut biome, we’re finding that the gut biome and, and, and , problems in the gut biome can, can hurt people’s mood.
17:57 It can even cause depression. It can cause a obesity. Um, and so this is a big deal. Maintaining a healthy gut is more complicated than just taking a supplement. So, even though I would be very happy for you to buy our product, need anything that is not the solution to having 100%, um, clean and functional gut biome or the Gut biome needs a plant based diet for the most part, right? We got to be eating a lot of vegetables and we talk about that elsewhere. So I won’t spend a whole lot of time on it. But the fact is what we’re putting into our stomach is messing up our gut biomes, especially fast food and foods high in preservatives and that are highly processed. So tons of research there. And also one other interesting thing, the research that the bacteria in the stomach and how they communicate with the brain, that’s pretty much verifying the Hindu concept of a second brain in your gut.
19:04 I find that just fascinating because this is something that the Hindus figured out, I don’t know how, but a long time ago and we’re now finding that they were absolutely right spot on. That there really is a second brain in your gut and that you’re, you’re get health and your brain health, , go together. And your gut and your brain work together in terms of keeping you healthy and happy in this. So that the get is not just an area that digests our food and grabs our nutrients. There’s so much more to it. So fascinating stuff there. Number four, biggest discovery the last 10 years is again, not so new, but the research is new and verifying what our grandmothers always knew and that is berries are the bomb. Now the exotic stuff gets the hype, right? Like that network marketing company that, that has the special Barry from Alaska or the company that makes the expensive juice with us, IEE Berry, , they claim that those berries are absolutely the bottom.
20:12 And those are the foods. Well guess what? Not so much berries, just the normal old berries and you get at your farmer’s market or your grocery store are super healthy. They have a very high orac value, meaning they’re very high in antioxidant qualities are a superfood compared to almost everything else. And before we dive into this or something, you know, you ought to know, and that is at that Orac chart, if you’ve ever seen seen that, um, the oxygen radical absorbance capacity is what stands for o r a c is what was supposed to tell us what has the highest antioxidant value. And so if, if someone’s selling you on this expensive berry juice, they might have shown you a chart that shows a very, very high number for their juice and much lower for a natural normal blueberry or something like that. , but the fact is, um, according to the researchers that examine.com they’ve been unable to correlate actual health benefits with higher orac value.
21:19 So when you see, you know, Goji Berries, superstar Smoothie, , being marketed for a lot of money, , it’s probably know better than you grabbing some blueberries and making your own smoothie. Okay. So it would do, it would do a, it would be a good idea. How do I, how do I say this? It would be a great idea to eat berries every single day. That’s what I try to do. That’s a takeaway from all this new research on berries, especially dark berries, is to try to get berries every single day. If all you did is to ha is by the the, the triple mix bag from Costco or a bunch of berries from your wherever you can get them organic if possible because , you know, they won’t have the pesticides in them, but if you get those and stick them in your freezer and all you do is make a smoothie every day with a cup of berries or take a cup of berries, mixed it up with a little bit of cottage cheese or yogurt and it’s delicious that way.
22:17 What I do is I take the frozen berries, I put them in a container with cottage cheese or yogurt and then take them to the office. And as the berries thaw, it just kind of keeps it cool and I’ve got a treat that’s ready to eat, you know, mid morning or mid afternoon. But my goal is to eat one cup of berries every single day. And from all this research we’ve discovered about berries in the last 10 years, it just seems like berries are the healthiest of all foods. That’s my take away from this. They’re healthier than almost all vegetables. Berries just are the bomb. And what is the downside? Which would you rather eat? Berries or Kale come on. Easy choice there, right? Number five, top health discovery the last 10 years. And that is the low carb craze really has been busted. Um, now those of you on Kido or those of you on low carb who are doing extremely well on it, don’t, don’t throw anything at me.
23:20 Don’t you know, break your device in anger that me saying this. But the fact is, is just not what the hype says. And it’s not good for diabetics. And there’s tons of research including a study called the metabolic ward study. Um, that is very well respected. Look, Dr John Berardi said it best when he said the reason why almost all named diets work is because what of what people stop doing. When someone goes on Kido, they stopped drinking soda, they stop eating chocolate, they stop eating donuts. They go from eating donuts and chocolate milk for breakfast to having eggs. Right? Well that’s going to make a huge change in your health. The challenges, most people’s bodies do need carbs and usually not low carbs and low carbs can be particularly bad for women because of the hormone imbalances that can follow. And just as bad for Matt, maybe not quite as bad cause men don’t have the same type of hormonal profile of course.
24:31 But for both men and women, we, you know, we both need a hormone balancing and our hormones to function properly. And carbs generally helped with that. A lot of people will get lethargic when they go off of carbs cause they, they, , their body just processes carbs better than fat for fuel. And so the fact is that your friend who absolutely loves Quito and, and raves about it and is constantly trying to get you to do it, , is, is doing that because they’re really getting results and it’s really working for them. But the fact is it’s working for them, most likely because they’ve not only cut out bad foods, but when people commit to a diet or some new health regimen, it often follows that they start exercising, they start living healthier, generally, they mentally up their game. And so the fact is that the studies have shown very little difference between groups with regard to both weight loss and fat loss and low carb studies.
25:39 Um, and so would we say that the final nail has been putting the co coffin of low carb diets? , probably not. But there’s so much research now that shows, , both that low carb diets do not, , do not help as much as we thought with weight loss and that many people do thrive on carbs. And there’s also been a lot of studies on low carb diets for diabetics. And the current thinking is to not do a low carb diet if you’re diabetic, but rather to manage it through a balanced diet. And so I think that’s a pretty big deal because a low carb thing has been around for a very long time. And Hey, if it’s working for you, I’m not saying don’t do it, but maybe stop telling your whole, you know, list of friends and family that they ought to do it and that it, it is the bomb and that will solve everyone’s health problems because it just won’t.
26:41 So there you go. The top health discoveries of the last 10 years. I hope you enjoyed this and there’ll be show notes at dirobi.com so you can go there to reference the links and studies that I used in this and preparing the, these, the show also, don’t forget about our transformation program. If you would like to lose a few inches around your gut and gain inches where you want to gain inches or whatever it is you’re trying to accomplish, whether you want to gain muscle or lose weight when you sign up for Precision Nutrition and Procoach, there’s a very, very detailed analysis is done, takes about 15 minutes to fill out everything and you go through and list your gender and your weight and your goals and what you’ve struggled with in the past and your medications. And it goes on and on and on and on where you really, you really give the, the software an excellent profile of who you are and what you want to achieve. And it then dials in a very good action plan for you and then gives you an email every single morning giving you the details and what you audit follow to reach your goals. And if you failed on lots of other plans, this is one well worth trying because it’s so well done. It’s so real, real world. It’s so practical. It doesn’t have